Know Your Bihar from the Government


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Know Your Bihar from the Government

Full information presented below is taken from government's website

Learn about Darbhanga


For interesting facts about Bihar from Dr. Moiz Shams, Makkah Al-Mokarrama, click here



Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country (between 83°-30' to 88°-00' longitude). It is an entirely land–locked state, although the outlet to the sea through the port of Kolkata is not far away. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect of climate, economy and culture. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle from west to east.

Administrative Units

Divisions 9
Districts 38
Sub-Divisions 101
CD Blocks 534
Panchayats 8,471
Number of Revenue Villages  45,103

Number of Urban Agglomerations 


Number of Towns

  - Statutory Towns 125
  - Non-Statutory Towns 5

Police Stations

  - Civil Police Stations 813
  - Railway Police Stations 40

Police Districts

  - Civil Police District 39
  - Railway Police District 4


Physical Features

Latitude       21°-58'-10" ~ 27°-31'-15" N
Longitude 82°-19'-50" ~ 88°-17'-40" E
Rural Area 92,257.51 sq. kms
Urban Area 1,095.49 sq. kms
Total Area 94,163.00 sq. kms
Height above Sea-Level  173 Feet
Normal Rainfall 1,205 mm
Avg. Number of Rainy Days  52.5 Days in a Year

Key Statistics - as per 2001 Census (Provisional)

Population 8,28,78,796
  - Male 4,31,53,964
  - Female 3,97,24,832
Population (0~6 Years Group)  
  - In Absolute Numbers 1,62,34,539
Male 83,75,532
Female 78,59,007
  - Percentage of Total Population 19.59%
Male 19.41%
Female 19.78%
  - In Absolute Numbers 3,16,75,607
Male 2,09,78,955
Female 1,06,96,652
  - Percentage of Total Population 47.53%
Male 60.32%
Female 33.57%
Decadal Population Growth (1991-2001)   130
  - Absolute 18348242
  - As Percentage 28.43%
Highest Decadal Growth at Sheohar District (36.16%)
Lowest Decadal Growth at Nalanda District (18.64%)
  - Civil Police Stations 813
  - Railway Police Stations 40
Density of Population 880 per sq kms
  - Highest Density Patna, 1471 per sq kms
  - Lowest Density Kaimur, 382 per sq kms
Sex Ratio (Females/Thousand Males) 921
  - Highest Ratio (Siwan) 1,033
  - Lowest Ratio (Patna) 873
Highest Literacy Rate Patna, 63.82%
Lowest Literacy Rate Kishanganj, 31.02%
Average Population of a District 22,39,967