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India has one of the largest Higher Education System in the world.

All information on this page is from Indian Ministry of Education (Human Resource Development)


Secondary Education Adult Education
Technical Education Higher Education
Autonomous Bodies Govt. Scholarships
National Policy on Education International Cooperation
Book Promotion Universities
OPEN UNIVERSITIES Deemed Universities
Directory of College AICTE Minority Cell


Selected Advertisements regarding anti-ragging brought out by DAVP.
Revised Guidelines/Instructions for grant of Visas to foreign research scholars, visiting faculty and foreign participants coming to India for International conferences, seminars, workshops etc.
The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act, 2006
Clarifications regarding creamy layer amongst OBCs 
O.M to clarify the process of implementation of reservation for the OBCs
Order of the Supreme Court dated 16-05-2008 staying of all proceedings in the Writ Petition (C) No.3449/2008 in the High Court of Delhi, Public Interest Litigation (L) No.42/2008 in the High Court of Judicature at Bombay, and Writ Petition (C) No.8872(W) of 2008 in the High Court of Judicature at Calcutta and interim stay or the order of the Single Judge dated 14.05.2008.
Indira Gandhi National Tribal University - Appointment of the first Vice-Chancellor
Report of the Committee on Ragging Constituted by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India - Menace of Ragging in Educational Institutions and Measures to Curb it
Report of the Committee to frame Guidelines on Students' Union Elections in Colleges/Universities (Lyngdoh Committee Report)
Directive in the matter of refund of fee to the student in the event of withdrawl from the programme and non-retention of the original certificates by the institutions/universities
Constitution of Committee to look into the issue of ragging

Enhancement in the Age of Superannuation of the Vice Chancellors to 70 years

Enhancement in the Age of Superannuation from 62 to 65 years for Teachibng positions in Centrally funded Institutions in Higher Education and Technical Education

The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission), Act, 2006

Central Universities

Emergency Powers of the VCs of the Central Universities

UGC Clarification on the Recognition of BIS, BIT, MIS, MIT Degrees

UGC Guidelines on Appointment and  Career Advancement

Degrees Specified and Recognised by The University Grants Commission

Initiatives and Status on Human Resource Development in Information Technology in Union States and Territories

Educational Assistance (Admission) to Children of Kashmiri Migrants

List of Institutions Offering Courses on Distance Mode and Open Universities in India

Guidelines for setting up Departments of Astrology in universities under the purview of University Grants Commission

Policy on Fee Fixation in Private Unaided Higher & Technical Institutions Including Management Institutes

Single Window Service for Foreign Students Interested in Seeking Admission in Indian Institutions

IT Manpower-Challenge and Response: Interim Report on the Task Force on HRD in IT
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National Assessment and Accreditation Council
(An Autonomous Body Under University Grants Commission Entrusted with the Responsibility of Assessing and Accrediting Institution of Higher Learning in India)

Constitution of a Standing Committee to go into the working of Women’s Studies on a continuing basis.

Kashmiri Migrants: Certain Concessions


Main players in the higher education system in the country are:

University Grants Commission (UGC) is responsible for coordination, determination and maintenance of standards, release of grants.

Professional Councils are responsible for recognition of courses, promotion of professional institutions and providing grants to undergraduate programmes and various awards. The statutory professional councils are:

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE),
Distance Education Council (DEC)
Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR),
Bar Council of India (BCI),
National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI)
Medical Council of India (MCI),
Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)
Indian Nursing Council (INC)
Dentist Council of India (DCI)
Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH)
Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)

Central Government is responsible for major policy relating to higher education in the country. It provides grants to the UGC and establishes central universities in the country. The Central Government is also responsible for declaration of Educational Institutions as 'Deemed to be University' on the recommendation of the UGC.

Presently there are sixteen (18) Central Universities in the country. In pursuance of the Mizoram Accord, another Central University in the State of Mizoram is planned. There are 99 Institutions which have been declared as Deemed to be Universities by the Govt. of India as per Section of the UGC Act, 1956.

State Governments are responsible for establishment of State Universities and colleges, and provide plan grants for their development and non-plan grants for their maintenance.

The coordination and cooperation between the Union and the States is brought about in the field of education through the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE).

Special Constitutional responsibility of the Central Government: Education is on the 'Concurrent list' subject to Entry 66 in the Union List of the Constitution. This gives exclusive Legislative Power to the Central Govt. for co-ordination and determination of standards in Institutions of higher education or research and scientific and technical institutions.

Academic Qualification Framework - Degree Structure

There are three principle levels of qualifications within the higher education system in the country. These are:

Bachelor / Undergraduate level
Master's / Post-graduate level
Doctoral / Pre-doctoral level

Diploma courses are also available at the undergraduate and postgraduate level. At the undergraduate level, it varies between one to three years in length, postgraduate diplomas are normally awarded after one year's study.
Bachelor's degree in arts, commerce and sciences is three years of education (after 12 years of school education). In some places there are honours and special courses available. These are not necessarily longer in duration but indicate greater depth of study. Bachelor degree in professional field of study in agriculture, dentistry, engineering, pharmacy, technology and veterinary medicine generally take four years, while architecture and medicine, it takes five and five and a half years respectively. There are other bachelor degrees in education, journalism and librarian-ship that are second degrees. Bachelor's degree in law can either be taken as an integrated degree lasting five years or three-year course as a second degree.

Master's degree is normally of two-year duration. It could be coursework based without thesis or research alone. Admission to postgraduate programmes in engineering and technology is done on the basis of Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering or Combined Medical Test respectively.

A pre-doctoral programme - Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) is taken after completion of the Master's Degree. This can either be completely research based or can include course work as well. Ph.D. is awarded two year after the M.Phil. or three years after the Master's degree. Students are expected to write a substantial thesis based on original research. generally takes longer.

New Initiatives

Vocationalization at the First Degree Level

In conformity with the National Policy on Education, 1986, a scheme to provide career orientation to education at the first degree level was launched in 1994-95. Under the scheme, a university / college could introduce one to three vocational courses in 35 identified subjects.

Autonomous Colleges

138 colleges have been functioning as autonomous colleges in eight states in the country.

National Eligibility Test (NET) is being conducted by the UGC since 1989 for eligibility for lectureship. Around 50000 students appear for the test every year. Pass percentage is around 5%. Eight State level Tests have been accredited at par with NET.

System of Governance of Higher Education Institutions

The Universities are various kinds: with a single faculty, or multi-faculties; teaching or affiliating, or teaching cum affiliating, single campus or multiple campus. Most of the Universities are affiliating universities, which prescribe to the affiliated colleges the course of study, hold examinations and award degrees, while undergraduate and to some extent post the colleges affiliated to them impart graduate instruction. Many of the universities along with their affiliated colleges have grown rapidly to the extent of becoming unmanageable. Therefore, as per National Policy on Education, 1986, a scheme of autonomous colleges was promoted. In the autonomous colleges, whereas the degree continues to be awarded by the University, the name of the college is also included. The colleges develop and propose new courses of study to the university for approval. They are also fully responsible for conduct of examination. There are at present 138 autonomous colleges in the country.

Focus of Ninth Plan

Thrust areas are: measures for quality improvement and modernization of syllabi, renewal of infrastructure, extra-budgetary resource mobilization and greater attention to issues in governance. Issues of access and relevance would receive attention. Conferment of grater autonomy to deserving colleges and professional upgradation of teachers through Academic Staff Colleges would be given priority. Emphasis is being placed on consolidation and optimal utilization of the existing infrastructure through institutional networking, restructuring expansion, so as to only meet the demand of the unserved areas with a focus on women and under privileged sections. The Open University system, which has been growing in popularity and size, is striving to diversify courses and offerings and gain wider acceptability by upgrading its quality. It would focus more sharply on the educational needs of women and rural society, as well as professional training of in-service employees.


C E N T R A L   U N I V E R S I T I E S

  • President of India is the Visitor of all Central Universities.

  • President/Visitor nominates some members to the Executive Committee/Board of Management/Court/Selection Committees of the University as per the provisions made in the relevant University Act.

  • Ministry provides secretariat service for appointment of Vice-Chancellor/Executive Committee Nominees/Court Nominees/Selection Committee Nominees etc. by the President.

         There are 18 Central Universities under the purview of the MHRD which have been set up by Acts of Parliament. The details are as under:-

Name & Address of University



DELHI -110 007

FAX -91-011


27667011 (O)

27666921 (R)


NEW DELHI -110 067

FAX – 91-011 – 26717580

2671 7500 (O)
2618 5489, (R)

NEW DELHI -110 023.
FAX –011-6840229/6821232

26982153/26984650 (O)
26980273 (R)



NEW DELHI -110 068.

FAX - 91 -011-6862312.


2953 2707/2953 2484 (O)

26492076 (R)

FAX: 2953 5933


VARANASI -221 005


VC FAX - 316946         


2307220 (O)

2307209 (R)

FAX - 2369951


ALIGARH -202 002

FAX     - 0571-2700528


2700994 (O)  Demand 1567

Fax 401815 (O)


WEST BENGAL –731 235



03 463-262451 (O)

03 463-262481 (R)

033-2871026  (Calcutta Office, VC)



FAX-91-040-3010145, 3010120


 040-23010121 (O)

 040-23010170 (R)

FAX – 2301 1090



FAX –091-0413-2655 265



0413-2655175/2655209 (O)

0413-2655249 (R)


SHILLONG –793 022

FAX-91-03 64-551153, 227705


0364-250101/250075,76 (O)



SILCHAR , ASSAM – 788 011

FAX -03 842-32779, 70802

Prof. S.C.SAHA

03842-270801 (O) 270202(R)




FAX -03 712-21539, 267006

Prof.(Dr.) P.C. DEKA

91-03712- 267003, 267115 (O)

255685 (R)


KOHIMA-797 001


FAX-03 70-222523, 223146, 222607

Prof.  G.D. SHARMA

SILCHAR (Res.) 03842-242520

Tele: 0370-229 0488 (O)

                 224 2701 (R)

Fax:   22523, 234072





0522-2440820 (O)

0522-2711424 (R)

Fax: 2440821



HYDERABAD -500 032.

FAX -040- 2300 6612, 13, 14, 15


040 – 2300 6601



Post Box No. 16, Panchitteela,

Arvi Road, Umri, Wardha – Pin. 442001.

Fax No. 0752 - 230903

Dr. G.Gopinathan,

Tele: 0752 – 230 907 (O)


P. B. No. 190, Aizawal, Mizoram -796012

Fax No. 0389-340313


Tele Fax – 0389-342348 (O)

              330343, 332443 (R)

                   011 – 373 1791

                             335 2690 (O)


Senate Hall, Allahabad – 211 002

Prof. H.R. SINGH

0532 – 2461 089 (R)

09415340695 (M)

FAX:- 2451 157

Camp Office – 2545 020, 2440 696

Camp Office (FAX): 2545 021


Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

Jawaharlal Nehru University came into existence in 1969 by an Act of Parliament. It is primarily concerned with Post-graduate Education and Research. The University has been identified by the University Grants Commission as one of the University in the Country with ‘Potential of Excellence'. It has 9 schools consisting of 27 centres of studies and 4 special centres. The strength of its teaching and non-teaching staff is 420 and 1297 respectively. 4890 students were on rolls.

For further details visit JNU Home page

University of Delhi

University of Delhi was established in February, 1922 as a unitary and residential university.  It has 14 faculties, 82 teaching departments and 78 college spread over national Capital Territory of Delhi.

For further details visit University of Delhi Home page

A new State University – Indraprashtha Vishwavidhlaya has come up in Delhi as an affiliating University.

Jamia Millia Islamia

Functioned as a Deemed University since 1962.  Acquired the status of a Central University in December 1988 by an Act of Parliament.  Imparts education from Nursery stage to Post-graduate and Doctorate levels. It has 29 Departments, excluding the various Centres of Studies and Research, grouped under 7 Faculties. Offering a total of 121 courses at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels, in addition to Ph.D Programmes. It has on its rolls a total of 14,000 students, including 97 foreign students from 38 countries.   The total strength of the teaching staff is 612 (including 120 for School Sector) and that of the non-teaching staff is 997.  Apart from providing training at Postgraduate level in Mass Communication, A.J. Kidwai Mass Communication Research Centre produces material on different educational aspects/subjets for the UGC's INSAT Programme.

The new initiatives taken in the areas of academics include setting up of the various new Centres, including (i) Centre for Jawaharlal Nehru Studies, (ii) Centre for West Asian Studies, (iii) Centre for Dalit and Minorities Studies, (iv) Centre for Spanish and Latin American Studies and (v) Centre for Comparative Religion.

Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)

Established in 1985 by an Act of Parliament for introduction and promotion of Open University and distance education system in the Country.  Major objectives include widening of access to higher education.  During 2005 the University offered 101 programmes and the total number of students registered for various programmes reached over 3,60,000. Its Students ‘Supports Services consist of 48 Regional Centres, six Sub Regional Centres and 1200 Study Centres.  IGNOU programmes telecast on National Channel (DD-1) in the morning slot and Gyan Darshan, exclusive education channel.  At present, the University has bouquet of  six digital channels of Gyan Darshan,  Under the Gyan Vani FM Radio initiative, the University has set up 17 Radio Stations.  Today IGNOU has set up its study centres and has entered into collaboration with educational institutions in 35 countries. 

Distance Education Council (DEC) under IGNOU has the responsibility for coordination and maintenance of standards in open and distance education system in the country.

For further details visit IGNOU Home page http:/

Aligarh Muslim University

Established in 1920 as a fully residential Central University.  It has 102 Departments/Institutions/ Centers/units grouped under 12 faculties.  It also maintains four Hospitals, six Colleges  (including Medical, Dental and Engineering Colleges), two Polytechnics and eight Schools.   Offers six diploma-level vocational courses exclusively for women. 19,703 students (excluding its secondary schools' strength) drawn from 25 States of the country are on its rolls.  Strength of the teaching staff  is 1,457 and that of non-teaching staff is 5,899.

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Came into existence in 1916 as a teaching and residential University.  It consists of three Institutions – Institute of Medical Sciences, Institute of Technology and Institute of Agrecultural Sciences. It has faculties with 121 academic departments and 4 Inter-diciplinary schools. It maintains a constituent Mahila Mahavidyalaya and three School level institutions.  1000-Bedded Modern/Ayurvedic Medicine Hospital. It has    14, 812 students in the rolls. Teaching staff 1,162 and non-teaching 7,088.

University of Hyderabad

Established in 1974 as one of the premier Central Universities which has been identified as a ‘University with Potential for Excellence' by the University Grants Commission.  The University was established for post graduate teaching and research 22km from the city of Hyderabad on the Old Hyderabad – Bombay road.  It has a City Campus – The Golden Threshold- the residence of the late Smt. Sarojini Naidu The University has Eight Schools of Studies and a Centre for Distance Education offering post-graduate diploma in five disciplines. The student strength of the University during the year 2003-04 was 2477 out of which 51 per cent are research students pursuing PhD and M.Phil/M.Tech  Programmes in various disciplines.   For further details visit University of Hyderabad Home page

Visva Bharati

An educational institution founded by late Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore in 1921 was declared in 1951, by an Act of Parliament, as an institution of national importance to provide for its functioning as a unitary, teaching and residential University.  Its jurisdiction is restricted to the area known as Santiniketan in the district Birbhum, West Bengal.  It imparts education from the Primary School level to Post-graduate and Doctorate levels.   It has twelve institutes – eight at Santiniketan, three at Sriniketan and one at Kolkata.. It has on its rolls a total of 6,227 students, including its Schools' strength.  The total strength of teaching and non-teaching staff is 550 and 1,400 respectively.   Admission is on the basis of merit adjudged through Admission Test.

Palli Samgathana Vibhaga, originally established by Gurudev Tagore in Sriniketan in 1922 with the primary objective to bring about regeneration of village life through self-reliance in the village around Santiniketan and Sriniketan, is now one of the Institutes of the University with four Departments – Rural Extension Centre, Silpa Sadana (a pioneering institute in India in developing cottage and small scale industries), Department of Social Work and Palli Charcha Kendra (offering a Ph.D. programme and two PG level courses – in Anthropology and Rural Development – apart from conducting research on various aspects of the life of the rural people).

North Eastern Hill University

Established in 1973 at Shillong by an Act of Parliament with the object to disseminate and advance knowledge  by providing instructional and research facilities in various branches of learning and also to pay  special attention to the improvement of the social and economic conditions and welfare of the people of the hilly areas . The University has its jurisdiction over the State of Meghalaya and has a Campus at Tura.  The NEHU presently has 24 academic departments and four centers of studies under six schools. There are 58 under graduate colleges and 8 professional colleges affiliated to the University. The number of students studying for their Master's Degrees and research students working for their M.Phil and PhD degrees is close to 1700. The faculty strength of the University is over 300. The undergraduate colleges affiliated to the University enroll about 19,500 students For further details write e,mail to the Registrar, NEHU in E.mail address .

Pondicherry University, Pondicherry

Established by an Act of Parliament in 1985 as a teaching-cum-affiliating university with its jurisdiction over the Union Territories of Pondicherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  It has 8 Schools, 24 Departments and 9 Centres, and it offers Certificate Course in one discipline, Post-graduate programme in 26 disciplines, M.Tech. in one discipline, M. Phil programme in 23 disciplines, Ph.D. programme in 26 disciplines and PG Diploma programme in 6 disciplines.  The University has 41 affiliated institutions of which 27 are located in Pondicherry, 5 in Karaikal, 2 in Mahe, 2 in Yanam and 5 in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.  Total students strength in these institutions is 21034.  Students enrolment in the University is 1538, out of which 312 students belong to SC/ST and women students are 536.  University has a faculty strength of 136 teachers and 523 non-teaching staff.  35 Research Scholars have registered for the Ph.D. programme. 68 sponsored Research Projects of topical relevance are in progress.

Nagaland University

It was established in 1994 as a teaching-cum-affiliating University with Head quarters at Lumami, Nagaland with the objective to disseminate and advance knowledge  by providing instructional and research facilities  and to make provision for various integrated courses, innovations in teaching-learning process and to pay special attention to the improvement of social and economic conditions and welfare of the people of Nagaland,  their intellectual, academic and cultural development.  The University has jurisdiction over the whole of the State of Nagaland  and has 25 Departments and 4 Schools of studies with  47 colleges affiliated to it.  The University has campuses in Kohima, Lumami and Medziphema (School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development- SASRD).     Faculty strength of the University is 109 and Students enrollment is 18,078. For further details may contact E.mail address .

Tezpur University

A non-affliliating unitary Central University set up in 1994 under an Act of Parliament.  Its aim is to offer employment-oriented and inter-disciplinary courses, mostly at post-graduate level.  The University  has 12 Departments under 4 Schools of studies and 6 centres of Studies with 79 faculty members and Students enrollment of 648 or further details may contact e.mail address

Assam University

Established as a teaching-cum-affiliating University on 21.1.1994 with the objective to disseminate and advance knowledge by providing  instructional and research facilities in various branches,  to take appropriate measures for promotion of inter-disciplinary studies  and research in the University and also to pay special attention to the improvement of the social and economic conditions and welfare of the people of the State.   The University has its  jurisdiction over the districts of Cachar, Karimganj, Karbi, Anglong and Hailakandi in the State of Assam and  has 53 affiliated colleges with 24 Departments under 8 Schools of studies and 3 Centres of studies.  Total number of teachers is 101 and students on the rolls, including those in affiliated colleges, are 18,078.

For further details may contact: e.mailaddress: .

Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Viswavidyalaya, Wardha.

Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya was set up during the year 1997 by an Act of Parliament with its headquarter at Wardha to promote and develop Hindi language and literature in general. The University started functioning as a camp office in a rented house at New Delhi. The University was shifted from its camp office to its headquarter at Wardha in December, 2003.

The teaching activities of the University started with two courses in the academic session 2002-03. Presently the University is running five MA courses and two M.Phil courses. For further details may contact e.mail address

Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow

Established as a State University in 1994 at Lucknow, it was notified as a Central University on 10th January 1996.  It aims to provide instructional and research facilities in new and frontier areas of learning.  It has 5 Schools comprising 8 Departments viz. (1) School of Ambedkar Studies, (2) School of Biosciences and Bio-technology, (3) School of Environmental Sciences, (4) School of Information Science and Technology, (5) School of Legal Studies.  Total enrolment of students is 255, including 35 Ph.D. scholars, during the year 2004-05 out of which 95 (i.e. 37.25 percent) belong to the SC/ST category.

Mizoram University

The Mizoram University, with its headquaters at Aizawl, was established as a teching and affiliating university with effect from the 2nd July, 2001.

The academic activites of the University are presently carried out through its sixteen teaching departments and one constituent college.  The total number of students enrolled in these departments and the constituent college is 1,187 and the teaching and non-teaching staff during the year 2004-2005 was 124 and 234 respectively. Besides, the University has 28 affiliated colleges located in the State of Mizoram.  The number of students studying in these affiliated colleges is 5,579.


Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad

The aim of Maulana Azad National Urdu University is to promote and develop Urdu language and to impart vocational and technical education in Urdu medium through conventional and distance education system. The University was established in 1997 by an Act of Parliament. Its Administrative head quarters has been set up at Hyderabad and has five Regional Centres at Delhi, Patna, Bangalore, Bhopal and Dharbhanga. The University has so far established 84 Study Centres spread over in 14 States of the Country.


National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC)

National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an autonomous institutions  established by the University Grants Commission in 1994 NAAC's responsibility is to assess and accredit institutions of higher education that volunteer for the process, based on prescribed certain criteria. NAAC's process of assessment and accreditation involves the preparation of a self -study report by the institution, its validation by the peers and final decision by the Council. 122 universities and 2486  colleges/ institutions have been accredited by NAAC so far.  For further details may  see NAAC Website:

Fake Universities/institutions

According to the University Grants Commission Act 1956, the right of conferring or granting degrees shall be exercised only by a University established or incorporated by or under a Central Act, or a State Act, or an Institution deemed to be University or an institution specially empowered by an Act of the Parliament to confer or grant degrees. Thus, any institution which has not been created by an enactment of Parliament or a State Legislature or has not been granted the status of a Deemed to be University, is not entitled to award a degree.

The Act also provides that no institution, other than a University, established or incorporated by or under a Central Act, or a State Act shall be entitled to have the word ‘University' associated with its name in any manner whatsoever. Under the Act, the contravention of its provision are punishable with fine. Apart from the fine prescribed, any attempt to cheat the public by offering unauthorized degrees by ineligible institutions would also attract the appropriate provisions of the criminal laws.

To curb the functioning of the Fake Universities/Institutions and, to create awareness amongst the public and the students alike, the UGC issues Press Releases, at the beginning of each academic session, advising  aspiring students not to pursue higher education courses with such institutions.  It is emphasized that these fake institutions have no legal entity to call themselves as University/Vishwvidyalaya  and to award ‘degree' which are not treated as valid  for academic/employment purposes. A list of fake Universities/Institutions identified by University Grants Commission is as under:-


1    Maithili University/Vishwavidyalaya, Darbhanga, Bihar.


2    Varanaseya Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya, Varanasi (UP) Jagatpuri, Delhi.

3    Commercial University Ltd. Daryaganj, Delhi.

4    United Nations University, Delhi.

5    Vocational University, Delhi.

6    Delhi Vishwa Vidyapeeth, 233 Tagore Park, Model Town,   Delhi – 110 009.

7    ADR-Centric Juridical University, ADR House, 8J, Gopala Tower, 25

      Rajendra Place, New Delhi 110 008


8    Badaganvi Sarkar World Open University Education Society, Gokak, Belgaum (Karnataka)

9.    Handwriting University India, No. 16 Church Road, Basavangudi,  Bangalore -  560 004.


10.  St. John's University, Kishanttam, Kerala.

Madhya Pradesh

11  Kesarwani Vidyapeeth, Jabalpur (MP)


12  Raja Arabic University, Nagpur.

Tamil Nadu

13  D.D.B Sanskrit University, Putur, Trichi, Tamil Nadu.

Uttar Pradesh 

14  Mahila Gram Vidyapith/Vishwavidyalaya, (Woman's University) Prayag,

15  Indian Education Council of U.P. Lucknow (UP)

16  Gandhi Hindi Vidyapith, Prayag, Allahabad (UP)

17  National University of Electro Complex Homeopathy, Kanpur.

18  Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose University (Open University) Achaltal, Aligarh (UP) 

19.  Uttar Pradesh Vishwavidyalaya, Kosi Kalan, Mathura (UP)

20. Maharana Partap Shiksha Niketan Vishwavidyalaya, Pratapgarh (UP)

Open University System

The advances in information and communication technology provide great opportunities to enhance teaching and learning in higher education by both on-campus and distance education. Even disabled students who are denied access to traditional institutions, and all those who require updating of their knowledge and life-long education can now be benefited by the modern facilities of communication. They also provide increased access to information sources and facilitate communication among researchers and teachers and the building of networks of institutions and scholars.

Through the open universities and distance learning initiatives, mechanisms are in place to upgrade skills at regular intervals and develop new competencies. People's needs of lifelong learning are constantly expanding. Higher education institutions are offering learning opportunities to satisfy these diverse demands. Ready access and flexibility are the hallmarks of these initiatives.

The Open University System was initiated in the country to augment opportunities for higher education as an instrument of democratising education and also to make it a lifelong process. The first open university in the country was established by the state government of Andhra Pradesh in 1982. In 1985, the central government established the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU).

Indian Gandhi National Open University

The IGNOU designed, developed and delivered high quality academic programmes in the Humanities, Sciences and Social Sciences as well as in professional areas like Computer Applications, Education, Engineering, Management, Nursing and Tourism. The University has currently -101 programmes comprising  900 courses to offer. Most of the University's programmes are structured on modular pattern, leading to the award of certificates, diplomas and degrees.

The enrolment in the university has been rising rapidly. From less than 4,000 students in 1987, the enrolment rose to over 1,60,000 in 1998 and is currently about 13,11,145 The University has a vastly heterogeneous student body: demo-graphically diverse (age, gender, region, social background, etc.); educationally  dis-advantaged (most of them without the traditional qualifications for entering into higher education and who have had no other opportunities to make up for the lost time); and economically weak (large majority belonging to low and lower middle income groups). Most of these students are in the lower rungs of their career looking for opportunities to improve their qualifications, professional competence and/or in acquiring new skills.

The University has demonstrated that modern communication technologies can be effectively harnessed in providing access to educational opportunities and that high technology need not necessarily be a high cost medium. The University has, at its inception, set up Audio-Video production facilities with the generous support provided by the Governments of UK and Japan. These facilities were substantially augmented with a major grant given by the Government of Japan. The current Electronic Media Production Centre is a state-of-the-art technological facility that significantly enriches the university's learning packages. The media packages of the university are transmitted on the nation-wide television network as well as through selected radio stations. A dedicated, satellite-based teleconferencing network is being developed on an experimental basis in cooperation with the Indian Space Research Organisation for providing interactive teaching- learning support to distance education programmes offered by open universities in India.

EDUSAT the first Indian satellite built exclusively for serving the educational sector. is a collaborative project of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Indira Gandhi National Open University(IGNOU), Department of Space Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). It is mainly intended to meet the demand for an interactive satellite based distance education system for the country. It strongly reflects India's commitment to use space technology for national development, especially for the development of the population in remote and rural locations.

For the delivery of various services to its students, the IGNOU has developed a nation-wide network of 48 Regional Centres 6 Sub-Regional Centres and over 1,271 Study Centres, all over India.The Study Centres and Work Centres are located generally with existing educational or training institutions who have made their facilities and services available to the IGNOU students.

Distance Education Council (DEC)

The IGNOU is also a national level apex body for distance education. Distance Education Council has been established as a statutory authority under the IGNOU Act. The DEC is responsible for promotion, coordination and maintenance of standards of open and distance education system in the country.

The apex body role envisages the establishment and development of an Open University Network by sharing the intellectual and physical resources within the distance education system among different institutions and enriching the system by extending its outreach, on the one hand, and ensuring the quality standards of its programmes of education and training, on the other. In discharging its responsibility, the Distance Education Council also provides development funding to open universities and distance education institutions from the funds placed at its disposal by the Central Government. The DEC has been supporting all the State Open Universities (SOUs) since eighth plan and Distance Education Institutions (DEIs) of conventional universities since ninth plan.

Presently, there is one National Open University (IGNOU), eleven (SOUs) and a number of DEIs in different states. 

Open University Network

The Distance Education Council (DEC) has taken several initiatives to develop the Open University Network. The programmes developed and produced by IGNOU are extensively used by the State Open Universities in the country. Efforts have also been made to evolve common standards for the products as well as processes (programme structure, credits, examination, grading, etc.) to facilitate student mobility across programmes as well as institutions through systems of credit transfer. Steps have also been initiated of credit transfer. Steps have also been initiated to frame norms and standards for the design, development and delivery of programmes in specific fields and to ensure their quality.

Cost Effectiveness and Pertinence

The Open University programmes have proved to be highly cost-effective. The current indications are that their cost   is much lower than  the cost normally incurred by the traditional system on comparable programmes. The open universities  arrive at lower costs  through economies of scale since a part of its fixed cost will get distributed over a larger number of students.

The open universities in the country have generally developed their programmes and courses with a view to ensure that they are relevant to the economic and employment needs. Most of their programmes are very different from those offered by the traditional universities. They are designed and developed in several modules to assist the potential students to choose such modules. as they perceive, are relevant to their needs. On their part, the universities have also sought to diversify their course provisions and developed high quality multi-media open learning curriculum designed to meet the academic, technical and vocational needs of diverse student groups. A notable feature of these programmes especially those in the technical, vocational and professional areas is the close linkages with the industry and other employer groups, not only in designing and preparing the learning packages, but also in the delivery of various services to the students at the work place.

The open university programmes offered by IGNOU have received international attention and recognition.


U N I V E R S I T Y    G R A N T S   C O M M I S S I O N   ( U G C )


The Government established university Grants Commission (UGC) by an Act of Parliament in 1956. It discharges the Constitutional mandate of coordination, determination, and maintenance of standards of teaching, examination and research in the field of University and Higher Education. UGC serves as a vital link between the Union and State Governments and the institutions of higher learning. It monitors developments in the field of collegiate and university education; disburses grants to the universities and colleges; advises Central and State Governments on the measures necessary for the improvement of university education; and frames regulations such as those on the minimum standards of instruction


The Commission comprises the Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson and ten other members appointed by the Central Government. The Chairperson is selected from among persons who are not officers of the Central Government or any State Government. Of the ten members, two are from amongst the officers of the Central Government to represent it. Not less than four, selected from among persons who are, at the time they are selected, shall be a teacher in the Universities. Others are selected from among eminent educationists, academics and experts in various fields.

Chairperson is appointed for a term of 5 years or until the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. Vice-Chairperson is appointed for a term of 3 years or until the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. The other members are appointed for a term of 3 years. The Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson and members can be appointed for a maximum of two terms.


Regional Offices:

Name of Regional Office


Southern Eastern Regional Office, Hyderab a d

Andhra Pradesh, Pondicherry, Andaman & Nicobar and Tamil Nadu

Central Regional Office , Bhopal

Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan

Eastern Regional Office, Kolkata

West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and

North Eastern Regional Office, Guwahati

Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and

Western Regional Office, Pune

Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Dadar & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu

South-Western Regional Office, Bangalore

Kerala, Karnataka and Lakshdweep

Northern Regional College Bureau, Delhi

Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Chandigarh, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh

Inter University Centres (IUCs)

          Under Section 12 (ccc) of the UGC Act, the Commission has established the following Inter – University Centres to provide common facilities, service and programmes to Universities since heavy investment in infrastructure and inputs have made it beyond the reach of individual Universities to obtain these facilities



Nuclear Science Centre, New Delhi 

                      Accelerator oriented research

IUC for Astronomy an Astrophysics, Pune

State-of-the-art instrumentation for

Inter – University Consortium for DAE facilities, Indore 

Use of facilities of Department of Atomic Energy

Information and Library Network (INFLIBNET) Ahmedabad 

Networking of libraries through electronic media

Consortium for Educational Communication (CEC) New Delhi 

To disseminate Countrywide programme through television

National Assessment & Accreditation Council (NACC) Bangalore 

To assess and accredit public & Private institutions of higher learning


Copyright 2006 Bihar Anjuman