better light a candle than curse the darkness

BaKhabar, Vol 4, Issue 6, June 2011
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Our Journey to the Day of Resurrection, Pat-2
Gheyas S Mahfoz Hashmi, Jeddah (hgheyas@savola.com)

...… continued from previous issue.

There are several Hadithes regarding descendents of Adam (AS) brought forth from his back. At that time itself the difference between Muslim and Kafir was established. Our prophet (S) said that Allah created Adam and crossed His hands on the back of Adam. Hence, all those who were supposed to be born till Qiyamah fell out. (Tirmizi narrated by Abduhorairah (R). Before this, Allah Almighty has presented the burden of Amanah on Adam (AS) which description is mentioned in Sura Ahzab/72 which reads as:

Lo! We offered the trust unto the heavens and the earth and the hills, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man assumed it. Lo! he hath proved a tyrant and a fool.

The birth of the last prophet (S) confirms that the human history has entered into the final era of the world. Our prophet (S) says, “I and Qiyamat are like two fingers.” (Sahihain at the authority of Anas (R).  Let us start our travel to final destination (Heaven) making transit at stations coming during the journey. Hell was not made for Muslim. If he goes there it is his sole fault.

Mother’s Womb: It is a laboratory where Allah Almighty makes shape of the Human. Allah says in His book Quran: It is (Allah) Who shapes you in the mother’s womb as He wishes (Aal- Imran/6). From here now the travel of man gets start. It is the same child that was from Adam (AS) in whom Allah has breathed His spirit. It is the spirit of The Creator Who is the Nour and Who takes the man from Darkness to Light.

World: The child came to this world after having a prescribed time in his/her mother’s womb. Parents are very happy but the real happiness will be at time when he/she will grow to be a Allah-fearing in which parents have their responsibility. Alhamdulillah the child has grown up (matured) and his/her actions became accountable to Allah, based on which he/she will be judged at the Day of Judgement. Now the man is free to pass his life in darkness or light, in evil or goodness, in knowledge or ignorance, in obedience or disobedience to Allah. Accordingly he can enjoy the good living at the Heaven or bad living at the Hell (Naouzo Billah) as a reward from Allah Almighty.

This world is neither a place of punishment for him, as the monks think, nor a place of rewards as the believers of the law of transmigration think, nor a place of entertainment and enjoyment, as the materialists think, nor a battlefield, as the followers of Darwin and Marx think, but in fact it is a place of test and trial for him if his each and every activity is according to the Quran & Sunnah or not. Allah says: Who has created life and death to try you which of you is best in performing job (Almulk/2)  

The man is free to pass his life according to the teachings of Allah and His last prophet (S) or to pass his life according to Shatan or personal wishes or relying on his own assumption. or to preferring his Peer’s way of life to Quranic verses and authentic Hadithes. The aim of life is not to achieve worldly happiness but to complete humanity as per Shari’at.
… to be continued. 
Last Day
Why Muslim-dominated seats are reserved for SCs?
By Mumtaz Alam Falahi, TwoCircles.net

It’s like killing of two birds with one stone. Constitutional requirement for one community is fulfilled at the cost of the other. Seats are reserved for Scheduled Castes in legislative bodies in the country – a constitutional obligation – but it is done in effect by diminishing the Muslims representation in the very legislatures. It’s an irony that the very constitution debars Muslims from being included in the category of Scheduled Castes.

There are scores of assembly and parliamentary constituencies across the country which are reserved for SCs though Muslim population in those constituencies far outnumbers the SCs. The charge of some design against Muslims gets stronger when one finds a number of seats unreserved (general) though SCs are majority community in those constituencies.                                            
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Six years back, the issue was highlighted by the Sachar Committee.
“Another issue emphasized before the Committee was that a number of Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies with substantial Muslim voter population are reserved for SCs while the SC population was not high there. Contrarily, constituencies with comparatively lesser Muslim voter population remain unreserved even though they have sizeable SC population,” says the Sachar Committee Report.

Attention of the Committee was drawn to the issue of Muslim concentration assembly constituencies being declared as ‘reserved’ constituencies where only SC candidates can contest elections. By this move, it was argued that Muslims are being systematically denied political participation.

The Sachar Committee went into the issue. While the Committee could not look into the issue of voter lists, an effort was made to ascertain the facts on the issue of reserved constituencies. “Our analysis relating to the reserved constituencies for the SC candidates in three states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal suggests that there is truth in the allegation,” reads the report.                          
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“Data relating to the reserved constituencies for the SC candidates in three states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal was analysed by the Committee. These states have a relatively large share of the Muslim population in India. The data shows that constituencies which have been declared reserved for SCs by the Delimitation Commission in these three states are by and large those constituencies where Muslims live in greater numbers often more than 50 per cent as well as their proportion in the population is higher than that of SCs. On the other hand, there are quite a large number of other constituencies within the respective states, where the share of SCs is large, often closer to or even more than one half but these are declared as ‘un-reserved'. Arguably, this can be seen as discriminatory and certainly reduces the opportunities that Muslims have to get elected to democratic institutions,” the report further says.

The Sachar Committee table is based on data from Election Commission of India, 2004 and Census of India, 2001.                                               
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It was suggested to the Committee that it would be more equitable to reserve those constituencies where voter population of SCs is high rather than those where it is low and, instead, Muslim presence is high.
And the Sachar Committee had recommended establishing a more rational procedure for delimitation of constituencies.

“The Committee also recommends the elimination of the anomalies with respect to reserved constituencies under the delimitation schemes discussed in Chapter 2. A more rational delimitation procedure that does not reserve constituencies with high minority population shares for SCs will improve the opportunity for the minorities, especially the Muslims, to contest and get elected to the Indian Parliament and the State Assemblies. Apart from these two initiatives it is important to evolve other methods to enhance political participation of the Community,” the Sachar Committee had recommended but it seems no step has been taken in this regard so far.  
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